Imagine you are sitting in a crowded coffee shop and you overhear two friends on the table beside you. One leans towards the other and utters the following words:

“You’re not good enough, you look fat in those pants and you don’t deserve a promotion.”
For the past decade or so I’ve been conducting research on self-compassion, and have found that people who are compassionate to themselves are much less likely to be depressed, anxious, and stressed, and are much more likely to be happy, resilient, and optimistic about their future. In short, they have better mental health.
— Kristin Neff


You wince at the sheer cruelty of the words. How could anyone say that to another person? You would never be so unkind. Or would you? Have you ever listened to your own self-talk? Often we speak to ourselves more harshly then we realise. Why do we do this? Some people think that this kind of self-talk is motivating, or keeps them striving towards important goals. Turns out this is not always the case, and in fact you do more harm then good in the long run.


So what is the alternative? Turns out that a little self-compassion can go a long way. But what is self-compassion and how can it benefit us? Put simply, self-compassion refers to treating yourself with same kindness that you would a loved one. More specifically, Dr. Kristin Neff has conceptualised self-compassion as consisting of three main components:

(1) Mindfulness

The first step to self-compassion involves being mindful of what is going on for us at a given moment. Being mindful allows for the non-judgmental observation of thoughts and feelings as they are, without trying to suppress or deny them. Thus allowing our thoughts and experiences to be observed and viewed with clarity. Mindfulness also requires that we avoid over-identifying with cognitions and emotions, so that we are not caught up and swept away by negative reactivity. Being mindful allows us to observe what we need in a given moment.

(2) Common Humanity

Second is the common humanity component. Here we acknowledge that suffering and perceived personal inadequacies are shared human experiences and that as humans we all experience difficult emotions at one time. By definition, being human means being vulnerable and imperfect. Therefore, suffering is something that is experienced by all, and thus is not a unique experience. When we recognise our common humanity we feel a sense of belonging, and avoid feeling alone in our pain.

(3) Self Kindness

The final component of self-compassion is self-kindness, which involves being warm and considerate toward ourselves when we suffer, rather than disregarding our pain or being self-critical. Failing or experiencing life difficulties is an inevitable part of living. It is therefore important to be gentle with ourselves. Self-kindness is about doing what is in our best interests. It is about recognising and doing what we need rather than what we want. 


Self-compassion Explained

Watch Dr. Natasha Odou's video to find out more about the benefits of self-compassion and how to boost it.


Self-compassion audio meditation series

Free self-compassion mediations from Dr. Natasha Odou. 


Self-compassion classes & workshops

To find out more about self-compassion classes and workshops at The Mind Room click here.


Additional Resources

Journal articles

Neff, K. (2004). Self-compassion and psychological well-being. Constructivism in the Human Sciences, 9, 27-37. 

Neff, K. & Germer, C.K. (2013). A pilot study and randomized controlled trial of the mindful self-compassion-program. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 69, 28-44. 


The Mindful Path to Self-Compassion: Freeing Yourself From Destructive Emotions, Christopher Germer

Self Compassion, Kristin Neff

An Open Heart: Practicing Compassion in Everyday Life, Dalai Lama


Video clips